Using Vaccine to Prevent Hib in All Children
Hib disease can be prevented by immunizing all children under age five with an approved vaccine. The general recommendation is to immunize children with a first dose at two months of age and to follow with additional doses based on the schedule for the vaccine being used. If a child under age five has missed getting immunized, a healthcare provider can give details on the required vaccine dosage and schedule.
Preventing Hib in People Exposed to Infected Children
Infants and young children who are exposed to a child with Hib disease can be given an antibiotic called rifampin to destroy the bacteria they might be carrying and to prevent getting or spreading Hib. A healthcare provider or the local health department can provide advice.